A review finds that the injuries of a five-year-old — who was killed by his mother, stepfather, and stepfather — were not shared by doctors with others who could have taken action to protect him.

It found what it said may have been “systemic” issues with child protection, including the failure of health practitioners to report the injuries Logan Mwangi suffered months before his death.

The young boy was fatally assaulted at his home in Llansantfried, Sarne, Bridgend, in south Wales, before his body was dumped in the nearby Ogmore River in July last year.

His mother, Angharad Williamson, 31, stepfather John Cole, 40, and half-brother Craig Mulligan, 14, were all convicted of the murder. He received a life sentence After a trial at Cardiff Crown Court earlier this year.

The trial heard that the child, also known as Logan Williamson, had 56 external injuries when his body was discovered.

Weeks before his death, he had fractured his collarbone but was not taken for treatment.

The report from the Cwm Taf Morgannwg Protection Board, published today, also highlights how the COVID-19 pandemic has limited family contact with agencies and impacted the ability to provide “optimal child protection operations”.

“As a result of this extensive review of the child’s practice, core learning has been identified,” the report stated.

“The Review Committee believes that these issues may be systemic rather than isolated cases of individual error or malpractice.”

John Cole and Ingrad Williamson, who was jailed at Cardiff Crown Court for the murder of her five-year-old son Logan Mwangi
John Cole, Ingrad Williamson, and (below) Craig Mulligan
Craig Mulligan will serve at least 15 years in prison

In August 2020 Williamson took Logan to his local Accident and Emergency unit with a wounded arm, bruised right cheek and a broken upper arm – concerns were raised regarding the delay.

The report said social services and police “agreed that the threshold for making child protection inquiries had not been met at that stage, on the basis that medical information was limited”.

Cole had previously had convictions including assault of a child, possession of an offensive weapon, robbery and illegal drug possession, and served a prison sentence for burglary.

The police examined her and “it was agreed at the time that he was just not the right person to look after Logan or Mulligan”.

Officers attended the hospital as well as the family’s home, where they were told Logan’s injuries were caused by a fall from the stairs.

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Fake phone call to the killer’s mother 999

Another health evaluation by a pediatrician found “wider bruises and injuries” on Logan, with 31 photos taken of her.

Records document that he had a blue mark above his genitals, two bruises on his ankle, two bruises on his forehead, bruises above the ears, bruises behind one ear, bruises on both cheeks, rug bruises on his chin, bruises on his left arm and bruises around his broken shoulder.

“There is no evidence that information about these infections was shared with agencies outside the Board of Health,” the report said.

Williamson alleged that Logan — referred to in the report as “Baby T” — would hit his head and pinch himself and said the mark on his ears was from wearing a COVID mask. No explanation is given for the mark above his genitals.

“Many infections, even in isolation, should have led to a referral,” the report stated.

“If injuries are considered as non-symptomatic by health professionals, there should be clear considerations of number of injuries and location on the body, parental supervision given to child T and if support from broader agencies is required.

“This again should have resulted in a child protection referral.”

The report also detailed how Cole was a former member of the National Front, and how he would subject Logan – whose father has British and Kenyan descent – to racially derogatory remarks.

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Logan Mwangi’s father after a death sentence

The report made 10 local and five national recommendations, including urging the Cwm Taf Morgannwg Health Board to commission an independent review of its practices and management to identify and investigate non-accidental injuries in children.

Nationwide, she suggested that the Welsh government consider launching an annual campaign to raise public awareness of how to report protection concerns.

Paul Mee, chair of the Cwm Taf Morgannwg Protection Board, apologized for the failures, saying: “The agencies could and should have acted differently.”

“For these failures, we take full responsibility and apologize,” he said, pledging to “fully implement the recommendations in this review, and in doing so improve our safeguarding practices to prevent this from happening again.”

Lessons must be learned from the review, said the Welsh Government’s Deputy Minister for Social Services, as she, in turn, apologized for the tragedy.

“I want to reiterate how sorry I am for Logan’s father and reiterate my commitment to improving services to ensure vulnerable children are protected,” said Julie Morgan.

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